>>> Ezra Pound was a towering figure of twentieth-century literature, a genius whose poetry (mainly the Cantos), criticism, translations, founding and editing of literary journals, and championing of his fellow modernists (including Hemingway, James Joyce, T.S. Eliot, and Yeats) forever changed literature during the first half of the 1900s.
Pound was also openly anti-Semitic and Fascist. He moved to Rome in 1924; Mussolini was Prime Minister. During World War II, he broadcast his inflammatory views on Fascist radio, prompting the Justice Department's Criminal Division to plan to charge him with treason. When the war was over, they did just that, and Pound escaped execution by successfully pleading insanity. He spent twelve years confined to St. Elizabeths psychiatric hospital. After his release, he promptly moved back to Italy, where he spent the rest of his life.
I found his DOJ-CD file while poking around online. It's in the FOIA Reading Room of the Criminal Division's mini-site on the DOJ site; they apparently posted it in October 2015, originally in six parts, which I've combined into one PDF. (The bookmarks in the file indicate the division into parts.)
I've placed the file on Internet Archive here, where it's readable online.
Related: The FCC's transcripts of 100+ of Pound's Fascist Italy broadcasts, which otherwise would have been lost to history.
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